Health Care Interactive Design & Technology @malang

Interactive Design & Technology @malang

Nevertheless, we imagine our scenario outcomes still provide strong conclusions about the characteristics of global and regional historical and future cobalt cycles and the function of technology innovations in addressing the demand–supply imbalance. The cobalt provide safety levels for the EU and U.S. are relatively high. They have, on the one hand, transferred part of the supply strain of primary cobalt to China and Japan by outsourcing battery production there and, on the other hand, controlled most of overseas cobalt mine manufacturing by their mining giants. Targeted initiatives have already been applied by some companies to address the vulnerable cobalt supply chain. For example, Apple now makes an attempt to acquire cobalt instantly from miners57, and Tesla’s battery suppliers have been expanded from only Panasonic to a number of Japanese and Chinese battery producers58.

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